Table of Contents | Surnames | Name List

Henrich Hein [806]
(Abt 1650-)
Anna Maria [807]
(Abt 1650-)
George Hain [1]
(Abt 1680-1746)

 

Family Links
Parents:
1. Henrich Hein [806] & Anna Maria [807]
2.

Spouses/Children:
1. Anna Veronica Schneider [2]

2. Eva Catharina Schneider [805]

George Hain [1] 5

  • Born: Abt 1680, Alpenrod, Westerwald, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany 2
  • Marriage (1): Anna Veronica Schneider [2] about 1710 in Livingston Manor, New York 1
  • Marriage (2): Eva Catharina Schneider [805] on 21 May 1699 in Alpenrod, Westerwald, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany 2,3,4,5
  • Died: Abt May1746, , Heidelberg Twp., Berks Co., Pennsylvania 6
  • Buried: 1746, , Heidelberg Twp., Berks Co., Pennsylvania

bullet   Other names for George were Hean George, Heen George, Hohn George, George Hein, Johannes Georg Hein and George Henn.

bullet  Burial Notes:

He is buried at the Hain Church cemetery located near Warnersville, Pennsylvania

bullet  Noted events in his life were:

1. Marriage: Marriage to Eva Catarina Schneider, 21 May 1699, Alpenrod, Westerwald, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. 5 The Alpenrod church book reads: Johannes Georg, son of Henrich Heens and Eva Catarina, daughter of Mathis Schneider.

2. Emigration, 1709, , , , America. 2,3,7 The Alpenrod church record in a note in German reads: Johannes George Heen from Alpenrod with his wife, Eva Catharina Schneider and his childred in year 1709 emigrated to America. Another document found in the Hesss. Hauptstaatsarchiv in Wiesbaden reveals that Johannes Georg Henn of Alpenrod paid 24 florins for his release to go to the Island of Carolina the year 1709.

3. West Camps Census, Winter 1710, , , West Camps, New York. 8,9
West Camp Census
George Hain was reported on the West Camp census taken during the winter of 1710 as George (H?hn) Helen. Familiar names on the census are Jno. Christ. Gerlach, Captain, Peter Wagner, John Becker, Peter Becker, Henrich Man and Godfrey Fidler.

The description of the census states: "List of heads of Palaten Famileys and number of Persons in both towns on ye west side of Hudsons River: With all of ye. Clothing, Shoes, Herkens & Soop delivered to each FFamily."

The census record shows the George Hain with 2 men, 1 woman and 1 maiden for a total of 4 in the family. They were issued 4 pairs of shoes and stockings, 3 yards of census, 1 yard of herkens, a hat, 3 kerseys and 3 soops (soaps).

Who is the second man? He would be older than 15 years, born prior to 1695. We know from later lists that there were no other men in the family other than George at this time. This second man must have boarding with the family during the winter.

This West Camp census shows a total of 77 families with 257 people. The West Camps were three villages, located a couple miles apart on the west bank of the Hudson River, about 100 miles north of New York City and 45 miles south of Albany. The town of West Camp is still located near the original sites.

4. Hunter Subsistence Lists: Hudson valley west side camps, 1710-1712, , , New York. 10,1,11,12 Hunter Subsistence Lists
The George Hain family appears nine times on the Hunter Subsistence List. The family is listed as Johann Georg Hahn appearing first on October 4, then on December 31, 1710, with 2 adults and 1 child under ten. Their next two appearances are March 11 and June 24, 1710, again with 2 adults and 1 child under ten.

The family size increases when they next appear on September 29, 1711. Here we have 3 adults over age ten. Someone had reached age 10. This was surely Anna Sibilla, who we know was born in 1700 by her baptism record.

Then six months later, on March 25, 1712 the family size increases by one. There are now 3 adults and 1 child under ten. This must be the birth of Elizabeth Gertrude, the first child of Veronica. The Hains family appears three more times in 1712, all with 3 adults and 1 child under ten. Their final appearance is an entry on September 13, 1712, which was the final subsistence payment made to most Palatines. Beyond this time, they must fend for themselves.

While in London, Colonel Robert Hunter had just been appointed by Queen Anne as Governor of New York. He arrived in American on June 13, 1710, aboard the first of ten ships carrying the Palatines to America. They were now scattered all over the Atlantic by bad weather. It wasn't until August 2, forty-nine days later that the last ship carrying the Palatine would arrive.

The long voyage, storms, and starvation took its toll on the poor Palatines. The ships started the voyage with some 2,800 persons, of which 446 died onboard. Immediately upon arrival all were put ashore on Nutten Island (Governor's Island), located just off the tip of lower Manhattan in the East River, across from Fort Anne, at the foot of Broadway. This was a small, mostly barren island used to quarantine sick passengers. They spent the next two and a half months here, until mid September, 1710. By then, Governor Hunter was ready move those Palatine off the island, who had recovered and able to work. Nutten Island was no place to spend oncoming winter

Governor Hunter had spent much of his time since arriving organizing the navel stores project and locating suitable land to permanently settle the Palatines. While the Palatines were still quarantined on the island, Governor Hunter purchased three tracts of land to provide permanent settlements. The land had to be located near pine trees, which were to be harvested for their pine tar, a necessary ingredient for the navel stores. Supplying the labor for this project would provide the Palatines a method to pay for their passage and subsistence. These sites were located about ninety-five miles North of Manhattan, on the banks of the Hudson River. A 6,000 acres tract was purchased from Robert Livingston. This was only a small fraction of his 160,240 acre Livingston Manor, which was 16 miles long by 24 miles broad, with several miles fronting the east bank of the Hudson. Four camps were located on the site purchased from Robert Livingston, near the present Germantown.

Across the river on the west bank were three camps, located near present Saugerties. This west bank tract contained 6,300 acres, which was in the possession of the Crown. A third much smaller 800 acres tract located on the west bank was purchase from a Thomas Fullerton.
The Palatines who settled in the Hudson River camps were estimate at 1870 persons. But about 350 persons remained in New York City. These were mostly widows with families. George and Veronica settled on the west bank camp called Elizabeth Town, along with forty-one other families.

The Hunter Lists were established by Governor Hunter to provide an accounting of the subsistence rations distributed to each family. Each camp had a listmaster appointed by Governor Hunter. He was responsible for reporting subsistence allotments, keeping census rolls, reporting illegal acts, and delinquencies. Johann Christian Gerlach was appointed the listmaster for Elizabeth Town.


Governor Hunter had been providing subsistence rations while the Palatines recovering on the island. Now he agreed to continue supplying rations until the Palatines were able to feed themselves. Subsistence payments for each family was 6 pence sterling per person for those over age ten and 4 pence sterling per day for each child under age ten.
When money from London used provided to buy food and supplies to the Palatines ran out, Governor Hunter dipped into his personal funds to continue the subsistence.. The Palatines never paid for their subsistence, and Governor Hunter was never fully reimbursed for much the subsistence expenditures by London

By the time the Palatines arrived in their camps, winter was soon to follow. Each family was allocated a small lot measuring forty feet frontage by fifty feet deep. This would hardly be enough space for growing a garden to feed themselves. The families hurriedly built huts in all fashions, each according to their own invention and skill. Winter was soon to follow, and they need shelter to survive the cold winter. Planting even a small garden would have to wait until spring.

5. Census: Population estimate, 1710, , , Colonies. 13,14 Population
The 1710 population of all thirteen colonies is estimated at 360,000. The Provence of New York had a population of 28,000, with 5,700 residing in New York City.

The largest port in the colonies was York City. The populations of the next four major ports were Boston with 9,000, Philadelphia 6,500, Charleston 3,000 and New Port had a population of 2,800.

Virginia had the largest population in 1710 with 73,000. This was more than two and a half greater than the population of New York, the colony with the second largest population. Philadelphia's population came in third with 25,000 people.
Jeri Haynes, June 19, 2008

6. Resided, 1711, Livingston Manor, New York. George and Veronica lived in Livingston Manor during 1711. This
evidence is supported by the appearance of their name on a list of the
Palatines who were in Livingston Manor, New York during 1711 under
indenture to Queen Anne, engaged in producing naval stores in order to
repay the cost of transportation from England.

7. Simmendinger Register, Cir 1717, Gerlachsdorf (Neu-Cassel), , New York. 12,15 Simmendinger Register of Hain Family
Before returning to Germany in 1717, Ulrich Simmendinger prepared a list of German immigrants who were still living in New York. This "Simmendinger Register" was later published as a pamphlet after he returned home to Germany

The George and Veronica Hain entry was mistakenly translated in the English publication of the pamphlet as Hanss Jurg Kern and Veronica with 5 children. In 1717 Simmendinger has them living in the village of Neu-Cassel, which was later determined to be Gerlachsdorf located in Schoharie.

By the year 1717, when Simmendinger took his census, George and Veronica had been living in Schoharie since the spring of 1713 when they journeyed from Elizabeth Town by way of Albany where George Christian was born. Living in Gerlachsdorf were long-time family friends, Fisher, Mann, Becker and Gerlach, who were also listed in the Simmendinger Register..

8. Simmendinger Register, Cir 1717, Gerlachsdorf (Neu-Cassel), , New York. 12,15 Simmendinger Register of Hains Family
Before returning to Germany in 1717, Ulrich Simmendinger prepared a list of German immigrants who were still living in New York. This "Simmendinger Register" was later published as a pamphlet after he returned home to Germany

The George and Veronica Hain entry was mistakenly translated in the English publication of the pamphlet as Hanss Jurg Kern and Veronica with 5 children. In 1717 Simmendinger has them living in the village of Neu-Cassel, which was later determined to be Gerlachsdorf located in Schoharie.

Simmendinger has several other familiar names also living in Gerlachsdorf. These families were Fisher, Mann, Becker and Gerlach.

9. History: Ulrich Simmindinger, 1717, , , New York. 16 Simmendinger Register
Ulrich Simmendinger published a pamphlet in 1717 titled, "True and Authentic Register of Persons Still Living, by God's Grace, who Journeyed From Germany to America or New World". He published the pamphlet after returning home to Germany after spending seven years in America.

His purpose in publishing this "Simmendinger Register" was a way to deliver a message from families who left family and friends back in Germany. Loved ones back home could see, possibly for the first time, that their parents, brothers, sisters or friends were still alive and in good health.

The register is mainly a census of Germans who were living in New York who settled in villages along the Hudson River and Mohawk Valley. Today it is one of the few sources that identify where these settlers were living at the time of his census.

Ulrich Simmendinger with his wife and two children arrived by ship in New York during the summer of 1710 among all the other Palatines who arrived during that summer. That fall, along with most other Palatines, he was moved up the Hudson River a camp where they built huts for shelter during the coming winter. Here he spent two years laboring on the dreadful failure of the pine tar, navel stores venture.

In September 1712, Governor Hunter released the Palatines from the ill fated tar manufacturing venture to fend for themselves. Simmendinger described these shocking words as the Palatines would no longer receive subsistence from the Queen. "Each one received his freedom to the extent that he might seek his own piece of bread in his own way within the Province."

Simmendinger moved his family to the village of Brooklyn. Here he scratched out a living for his family by various labors among "honest people" for the next four years. He then decided to return to his homeland. With the help of the Christians of the Reformed Church and to others he was able to raise the required funds to pay for his return trip.



10. Cololnal Cencus: 1720 Cencus, 1720, , , New York. 13 1720 Population
Albany was the second largest city in Provence of New York in 1720. The city was located at an important junction of the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers. The Hudson River drains down river to New York City, and the Mohawk River drains into the Hudson River at Albany. These waterways provided important trade routes for the Indians and traders into the vast wilderness of upstate New York. The population of Albany was only 1,128 in 1714, the closest census to 1720 that survives. In 1720, the New York City population was 7,000.

The 1720 population of all thirteen colonies is estimated at 466,000, an 86% growth in the past ten years. The entire Provence of New York had a population of 36,900 for a 48% increase since 1710.
Jeri Haynes, June 19, 2008

11. History: William Penn, Proprietor, 1723, , , Pennsylvania. 17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24 William Penn, the Proprietor
When George and Veronica arrived in Pennsylvania in 1723, John Penn was Pennsylvania's proprietor. His father, William Penn, had died in 1718 at the age of seventy-three while the Hain's were living in Schoharie. For most of his life, William Penn lived in England, visiting Pennsylvania only twice, the last time in 1699. But, Pennsylvania and his Quaker faith were uppermost in his thoughts during his entire adult life, where Pennsylvania became a sanctuary for protecting freedom. As a result, William Penn left an important legacy to America's freedom of religion, liberty and justice.

William Penn was born in 1645, during the reign of Charles I in England. During his rule, the King and Parliament engaged in a struggle for power over the Divine Right of Kings. There were fears throughout England that the King was attempting to gain absolute power, where the people and Parliament would have no right to disobey his Divine powers.

Furthermore, there was the religious issue. Over one hundred years prior, Henry XIII had banished Roman Catholicism from English soil, and in its place established the Church of England. At its head was the King of England. Early in his reign, King Charles took a Catholic princess from France as his wife. The marriage came over the strong objections of both Parliament and public opinion. To make matters worse, he appointed a controversial religious leader who were sympathetic to Catholics as Archbishop of Canterbury. Many believed this act brought the Church of England too close to the Catholic Religion. Many in Parliament could not stand by and see English being forced to change their faith by an unpopular King.

Wars between Protestants and Catholics had been raging in Europe for decades. And often the conquered citizens would be forced to change religions or be vanquished. In addition, the politics of Europe would radically shift if England were to become Catholic. The balance of power among the countries would shift probably leading to more wars. Anger mounted.

To make religious matters worse, England was in the midst of a "Puritan Revolution", which was challenging English monarch's control over religion. Puritanism was attempting to change religious intolerance in England and on the Continent. These Puritans were supporting of those in Parliament who were against arbitrary monarchical power. King Charles I was losing control of his realm. These disputes erupted into the English Civil War in 1642. The result was that King Charles I lost his realm and his head. He was beheaded on a scaffold in the front of Banqueting House at Whitehall in 1749.

Oliver Cromwell succeeded King Charles I after the English Civil War. For the first time in its history, England was ruled without a monarch. William Penn grew to a young man during this time when Oliver Cromwell was Lord Protector, and Parliament ruled England. Penn saw the turmoil caused by an absolute Monarch and wars in Europe caused by lack of religious freedom.

In 1660 the Cromwell protectorate collapsed and Charles II, son of Charles I, was invited to return to England and assume the throne. William Penn developed a cordial relationship with King Charles through his father, William Penn, Sr., who was a famous Admiral in the English Navy. I was William Penn, Sr. who took part in the restoration of King Charles II. For his loyalty William Penn, Sr. was knighted by the King.

This close relationship between the Penn family and King Charles II became very valuable to William Penn. In 1681, King Charles II granted the charter as proprietor of Pennsylvania. This charter was in settlement of a debt owned to William Penn, Sr., who had died in 1670. As proprietor and sole owner of Pennsylvania, he was responsible only to the king. This was one of the largest land grants to an individual in history. Making William Penn was one of the largest landowners ever.

At age twenty-two, William Penn joined the Quakers, the Religious Society of Friends. He saw the Quaker religion as a way to avoid these conflicts and warfare. The Quaker beliefs were based on the principles of non-violence, equality, integrity, and simplicity. These beliefs formed the foundation for his values of religious freedom, government by consent, and rule of law.

He carried these beliefs to Pennsylvania. There he applied them to how he was to govern his colony. In Europe he saw Protestants persecute Catholics, Catholics persecute Protestants, and both persecute Quakers and Jews. Penn established an American sanctuary protecting an individual's freedom of conscience. William Penn made an important contribution to religious freedom, liberty and personal property rights, constitutional government in the colonies and in England, which laid the foundation for framing the United States Constitution later in the Eighteen century.
William Penn desired his Pennsylvania to be a commercial success, as well as a sanctuary from treachery and intolerance. His plan was to sell partials of land to immigrants and to develop this vast wilderness.
William Penn promoted his venture of his Promised Land by distributing pamphlets in several languages throughout Europe. Even though thousands immigrated during his lifetime, Pennsylvania's rapid growth never provided enough funds to turn a profit. In fact, Penn would later be imprisoned in England for unpaid debts and, at the time of his death, he was virtually penniless. Three generations of the Penn family were proprietors of Pennsylvania. With the signing the Declaration of Independence in 1773 in Philadelphia and the start of the American Revolutionary War the Penn family lost all ownership to their land.
Penn's planned to attract three classes of settler: purchasers, renters and servants. He believed that purchasers would become the foundation of which he could build a new society away from all the ongoing, hunger, tyranny, conflicts and wars in Europe. Penn would sell each purchaser 5,000 acres. He expected them to subdivide this acreage into smaller tracts. Later, he expanded this purchaser group to include the sales of much smaller tracts of land. The renter class was those immigrants who could afford ship passage for themselves and their families, but did not have the money to purchase land when they arrived. These settlers were given the right to purchase the land whenever they could afford the purchase price. The third class of settler was the servants. Penn considers these people as the labor force. They were the indentured servants. After their indenture period was satisfied, he granted them citizenship and the right to purchase fifty acres of land.
The funds from these sales would pay expenses, and provide income for his family. To run this vast enterprise, he appointed a Governor to act on his behalf while he spent his time in Europe. His duty was to administer the holdings and governor the colony.
Penn's effort to make his colony a commercial success proved futile. It proved to be a serious drain on his funds. He became deeply in debt and desperate to make a profit. By 1708, Penn was force to mortgage Pennsylvania to provide the necessary funds to continue his venture. To insure payment, the lender required sale and collection responsibilities to be administered by commissioners appointed by the mortgagee. Penn's lifelong quest to have his colonial venture provide wealth for his family never succeeded. At the time of his death in 1718, he was virtually penniless.
Jeri Haynes, May 26, 2008

12. Migration zvv: Hains Family to Tulpehocken, 1723, , , Pennsylvania. 25 Hains Family to Tulpehocken
During May of 1723, the Hains family left Schoharie to journey through the wilderness to the Tulpehocken region of Pennsylvania to start a new life again for the third time. They had immigrated to American from Germany in 1710, settling in the Schoharie Valley near the Mohawk River in upper New York. Most German settlers never welcome in New York. Most important, they were never able to gain clear title to their farm land, which was so essential for their growing families.

During the previous year in 1722, Hans Lawyer, a Palatine from Schoharie, received permission from William Keith, Deputy Governor of Pennsylvania to explore the Tulpehocken region. George Hain was one of those who was sent to Albany to request permission from William Keith investigate the Pennsylvania wilderness for a possible new settlement. Whereupon, Hans Lawyer and four other men to set out to scout the Tulpehocken.

Now they are on the move again. After thirteen years they were headed to Pennsylvania, where they have been promised their own land once again. This first caravan from Schoharie included about a dozen families. They would have started just after the snow melted and streams were clear of ice to make this three hundred mile journey. They traveled in a group of about fifteen families, along with their children, livestock and belonging. The caravan numbered about one hundred persons. The group went south to Pennsylvania region where they were to build a settlement in wilderness still occupied by nearby Indian villages.

George and Veronica made this on foot and by canoe along with their nine children. The mother of the three oldest children was Eva Catherine, George's first wife: Anna Sibilla was about age twenty-three, Johann Willhelm age 18 and Elsa Catharina age 15. Veronica's six children were much younger: Elizabeth Gertrude age about 12, John Christian age 10, John Christian age 9, Peter age 9, John George age 7, John Frederick age5, and John Adam who was the youngest a age about 3. After arriving a few weeks later, they would have spent the remainder to the year until winter, clearing the land, building a shelter and planting crops. This was essential if they were to survive the winter in their new homeland.

Jeri Haynes 5/27/2008

13. History: Tulpehocken region, 1723, , Chester County, Pennsylvania. 26,25,27 Tulpehocken Region
The Tulpehocken Region is named for Tulpehocken Creek, a tributary of Schuylkill River. The creek drains the limestone hills of this Tulpehocken region. It flows about twenty-four miles generally east, winding through the present day town of Myerstown, where it heads eastward toward Womelsdorf. Here it turns sharply north; then loops back southeast, a few miles north of the current town of Wernersville. The creek continues southeast flowing into the Schuylkill River at Reading. The name, Tulpehocken, was given by the Lenape Indians, who were long-time settlers in this region. The word means "land of turtles".
Jeri Haynes, June 23, 2008

14. Immigration: Palatines Immigrate to Pennsylvania, 1723, , , Pennsylvania. 25,28,29 Palatines Immigrate to Pennsylvania
During May 1723 a group of families packed up their belonging and moved south from the Schoharie Valley of New York to settle in the Tulpehocken region of Pennsylvania, a distance of four hundred miles. This was wilderness, where no white settlers anyway near. Philadelphia was some seventy-five miles north east of this unsettled land. The William Penn proprietors intended that these Palatines act as a buffer between Indian settlements nearby and colonial settlements further east toward Philadelphia.

The accurate number of families who made this first journey is not known. The records are inconsistency. James Mitchell, the Justice of the Peace at Donegal, Chester County, wrote to James Logan, Provincial Secretary of Pennsylvania, dated May 13, 1723 saying, "I give you to know that there are fifteen families of Duch [Palatines] come from Albeny & are now settling upp Swatarra [Swatara] Creek." Conrad Weiser in his diary wrote, "Many of them united and cut a road from Schoharie to the Susquehanna River, carried their goods there, and made canoes, and floated down the river to the mouth of the Suataro Creek and drove their cattle overland. This happened in 1723." Conrad Weiser didn't say how many families made the journey, but he did confirm the migration year.

There is more evidence of the journey. In it George Hains becomes important. This evidence is found in the minutes of two Indian treaties held at the great meeting house in Philadelphia on June 5, 1728 regarding the Indians having been made troubled about the new settlement in Tulpehocken. Among the Indians there was considerable indignation about whether the Penn's had purchased the lands located in the Tulpehocken region prior to the Palatines settling there.

These minutes stated that Mr. Logan wished to publish the following deposition: "The information & deposition of Godfrey Fidler, related to himself & others of this Countrymen their settling on the Proprietors & others land, in the Province of Pennsylvania. When Sir Willm Keith, lieutenant-governor, was at Albany in 1722. The Palatines who were settle in that Part of York Government applied to him by two persons of themselves appointed for that Purpose whose names were George Haine & ___________ for encouragement to them to remove from thence to Pennsylvania. This Deponent said, That the said George Haine & the other person, whose name he does not now remember, after they had been with Sir Willm Keith, returned & told those of their Countrymen who sent them that Sir Willm Keith had given encouragement for forty or fifty Family's; to remove from thence to settle in Pennsylvania. That they to the Number Sixteen Families did thereupon remove into this Province, some of them making a Stop on Susquehanna River near Sawhatara & rest sat down at Tulpehocken. Upon information given Sir William Keith of their being settled in two places, he sent them Orders to make their Settlements nearer together that they might thereby give the less uneasiness to the Indians."

"This Deponent further saith that sometime before Sir Willm Keith came up to Albany, one of their Countrymen name Hans Lawyer being at Philada applied to Sir Willm Keith for a tract of land for his Countrymen the Palatines to settle. That Sir Wm did give the said Hans Layer Leave to Search for a convenient Tract of land in this Province for that Purpose, & that the said Hans Lawyer upon his Return to Albany did upon the Encouragement given by Sir Willm Keith, take with him four of his Countrymen & upon searching in the Province, they found out the place call'd Turpehockan where they the Palatines are now settled.." Signed Godfrey Fidler, Oct 6th, 1726.

Upon returning to Schoharie, Hans Lawyer organized four men to scout the Tulpehocken for those families who had enough misery living for the past twelve years on land were they were not welcome, and where they could not get clear title to their land. They were looking for valley where land was plentiful, good soil and ample water for farming. Most important was finding plentiful land that they could purchase for their growing families and their sons and their growing families. This they could not acquire in Germany, and their dreams of finding it in New York had been crushed. They were still looking for their land of opportunity after more than a decade in America. Maybe it was with William Penn family in Pennsylvania.

It wasn't until 1732 that Indian Purchase was resolved when all South Mountain to the Blue Mountain, which included Tulpehocken, was finally bought from the Indians. When William Keith met Godfrey Fedler (Fiedler) and George Haine (Hains) in Albany during 1723, he believed that the Proprietor had purchased the Tulpehocken region from the Indians. When the settler started moving onto this land, they became hostile and wanted compensation for their lands. The efforts to settle this dispute was one of the reasons for this meeting held at the great meeting house in Philadelphia on June 5, 1728. Now, it was five years after the Palatines were given permission to settle there. Meetings were still ongoing. Nothing was resolved. The immigrants settled here to purchase farmland and raise their families in peace. The Palatines again found themselves with the same unresolved land purchase problem as in Schoharie. It wasn't until 1732 that a new treaty was signed between the Indians and the Proprietor in which the disputed lands were purchased. Nine years after the first settlers arrived in the Tulpehocken that they could get clear title to their lands. At last, this was their promised land.

Despite the title ownership problem, the Palatine settlement the Pennsylvania grew rapidly after the first settler arrived in 1723. More German settlers from Schoharie area followed the Tulpehocken Indian trail leading southeast from the Susquehanna River. In 1726, the Tulpehocken Township assessment listed thirty-six families. The following year this had grown to forty-two families. Georg Hains was listed on both these tax assessments. Conrad Weiser stayed back in Schoharie for six more years, immigrating to Tulpehocken in 1729. It's interesting to note that Hans Lawyer decided not to immigrate to Pennsylvania after all his efforts to find hospitable living conditions for the Palatine families.
Jeri Haynes, 5/23/2008

15. History: The Proprietors, 1726, , , Pennsylvania. 30,31 The Proprietors
William Penn was the original owner of Pennsylvania, upon being granted the new proprietary colony in 1681 by King Charles II of England. The period of his proprietorship extended thirty-one years until his death in 1712. Hannah Callowhill Penn, his second wife, served as acting proprietor until her death in 1726. William Pens' will was not settled until 1732, after which the proprietorship passed to his three sons.

William's son, John Penn, received a 50% interest, becoming the chief proprietor. John was called "the American" since he was the only William Penn child born in America. Thomas and Richard Penn, each were bequeathed a 25% share of the Commonwealth. In all, there were three generations of the Penn family who were Proprietors. Their ownership of the commonwealth ceased with the start to the American Revolution.

The first land purchased by George Hains was 300 acres from William Allen, a friend of the Penn family. The remaining land purchases were from the proprietors. At the time of these purchases, the proprietors were John, Thomas and Richard Penn, sons of William Penn
Jeri Haynes, June 18, 2008

16. History: Formation of Lancaster County, 10 May 1729, , Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. 32,33 Lancaster County established
Lancaster County was formed May 10, 1729 from land apportioned from Chester County. The original countries chartered by William Penn were Philadelphia, Bucks and Chester, located within the more populated area of the Commonwealth. The ever increasing immigrant population was pressing westward into the wilderness. They were demanding improved access to government, constables to keep the peace, magistrates to handle their legal affairs. This new county would resolve these issues.
Jeri Haynes, June 28, 2008

17. History: Poor Richard's Almanac, 1732, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 34,35 Poor Richards Almanack
Poor Richard's Almanack was published annually by Benjamin Franklin <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Franklin> under the pseudonym <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pseudonym> of Poor Richard and Richard Sanders. The pamphlet was very popular in colonial America <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_United_States_%281776-1789%29>, with people using it for forecasting weather, practical household hints, puzzles, a calendar <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calendar>, poems <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poem>, astronomical <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astronomy> and astrological <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astrology> information. But it is chiefly remembered for Franklin's maxims and proverbs <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proverb>. These saying would typically advise thrift and civility, with a bit of cynicism and humor. Many are still popular today, such as "A penny saved is two pence dear" (often misquoted as "A penny saved is a penny earned") and "Fish and visitors stink in three days".

The pamphlet appeared continuously from 1732 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1732> and for the next twenty-five years. It was a best selling publication with printings reaching 10,000 per year. Franklin's publishing of Pool Richard's Almanack and The Pennsylvania Gazette brought him much economic success and fame throughout the colonies.

Franklin ceased publishing the Almanac in 1757 when he was sent to England by the Pennsylvania Assembly as a colonial agent.

Jeri Haynes, August 2, 2008

18. History: Heidelberg Twp chartered, 1734, , Heidelberg Twp., Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. 22,36 Heidelberg Township Chartered
The Heidelberg Township was incorporated in 1734 as part of Lancaster County Pennsylvania. It was named after the town of Heidelberg Germany, located on the Rein River. Many of the German immigrants to Tulpehocken area had originated from there and where many of their families still lived. Lower Heidelberg Township was established much later 16 September 15, 1842.
Jeri Haynes, June 23, 2008

19. History: William Allen, 1735, , Heidelberg Twp., Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. 37,38
William Allen
In 1735, George Hain purchased his first 300 acres in the Tulpehocken region from William Allen, the son of William Allen, the elder, a wealthy merchant from Philadelphia who had close ties to William Penn. William Allen, the younger, was born in 1704 in Philadelphia. As a youth, he spent most of his time in England where in studied law. Upon his father's death in 1725, he returned to Philadelphia to run his family investments, and becoming prominent in Pennsylvania political affairs and the law.

On August 29, 1728, William Allen, purchased 10,000 acres from William Penn III, grandson of William Penn. This land now includes a portion of Lower Heidelberg Township. The 300 acres purchased by George Hain surely includes a portion of these 10,000 acres.

During 1750 he became Chief Justice of Pennsylvania's Supreme Court where is sat for twenty-four years until 1774. That same year the seed were sown to start the Revolution. Because of his strong Loyalist beliefs, William Allen resigned from the Supreme Court and moved to England for much of the Revolutionary War. In 1779, he returned to Pennsylvania where he died the following year.
Jeri Haynes, June 18, 2008

20. Land purchase: George Hains land purchases, 1735, , Heidelberg Twp., Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. 6,22,29,39,40,41,42,43 George Hains Land Purchases
George Hain purchased his first 300 acres on November 25, 1735 from William Allen. Within the next few days, he purchased two more tracts of 222 and 400 acres each. The seller of these next two tracts was the Proprietors. Within three days George had title to 922 acres in the Tulpehocken region of Pennsylvania, some of the best farmland in the colony.
William Allen was the son of William Allen, the elder, a wealthy merchant from Philadelphia, who had close ties to William Penn. William Allen, the younger, ran the family business after his father's death and became a prominent politician and Chief Justice of the colony's Supreme Court. On August 29, 1728, William Allen, the younger, purchased 10,000 acres from William Penn III, grandson of William Penn. This land now includes a portion of Heidelberg Township. The 300 acres purchased by George Hain surely includes a portion of these 10,000 acres.
The Proprietors sold George Hain the second two tracts. At the time, John, Thomas and Richard Penn, Sr., the sons of William Penn, were the Proprietors. They were bequeathed Pennsylvania by their father who had died in 1718.

The purchase of this large acreage within a few days by an immigrant, German farmer was unusual, and its timing made it even more unusual. It was now twelve years since George Hain and a small group of Palatines emigrated from the Schoharie Valley, New York. The reason they moved to Pennsylvania was a desire to purchase these Tulpehocken farmlands. This was unsettled wilderness. William Penn's life's desire was to colonize Pennsylvania's vast wilderness with European's looking for a better life here in America.

While still in Schoharie, New York, the Palatines were promised the right to purchase land in Pennsylvania. In 1722, William Keith, Pennsylvania's lieutenant-governor, and the Governors of New York and Virginia met in Albany, New York. Here a conference was being held with Indian chief of the Five Nations to renew treaties of Friendship. Schoharie was only a short distance from Albany. The Palatines were aware of William Penn's desire to settle his colony. It was here that George Hain and Godfrey Fiedler, representing the Palatines from Schoharie, met with Sir William Keith, who promised them land in Pennsylvania. The following Spring, a group of Palatines, packed their belonging and headed for Pennsylvania.

It was now twelve years since this promise. Why did it take all these years for George to purchase land that was promised back in 1723? A look back into Pennsylvania's earlier history gives us the clues. The major cause was a long standing quarrel with the Indians as to whether William Penn had actually purchased the Tulpehocken lands.

The dispute was finally resolved when an Indian treaty was finally signed September 1, 1732 releasing to the Proprietors lands, which included the Tulpehocken region. It was only now that the Palatines could legally purchase lands from the Penn's. Nine years had past since the first settlers had arrived. But there were still another three years delay.

First, an application is made for a warrant survey the land; a warrant is issued. The survey is prepared, which may take many months. Then land patent documents are prepared and approved. Finally, a patent to purchase the land is for signatures.

At George's death in 1746, twenty-three years since leaving Schoharie, he accumulated 1739 acres. The land was located in the current town of Wernersville, Lower Heidelberg Township, along both sides of the present Benjamin Franklin highway (Hwy 422), between Reading and Womelsdorf.
William Penn's land records show the average sales price for country land was ten pounds per 100 acres. Assuming this average price, George Hains would have paid approximately 174 ? for his land.
George made payments toward more land purchases prior to his death in 1746. Payment receipts were found in his estate documents. He made three payments in 1743 and a single payment in 1744. These payments totaled ?68 8s 0d. The location and acreage are lost to history.
Jeri Haynes, June 17, 2008

21. Land sale: George sold 100 acres to Jacob Freymeryer, 23 Feb 1741, , Heidelberg Twp., Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. 6 On February 23, 1741, George sold 100 acres on Tulpehocken Creek to Jacob Freymeryer of Cumru Township for twenty four pounds, ten shillings from George, who signed his name Gorg Hen, and Veronica signed her mark. Jacob is married to Anna Sabilla, make him the son-in-law of George Hain.
Jeri Haynes, July 5, 2008

22. Hain's church: Church history, Cir 1743, , Heidelberg Twp., Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. 44 The church goes by the the name of Hain's Church, which is name for George and Veronica Hain, who donated the land for the church. The full name is St. John's (Hain's) Reformed Church. It is located in Lower Heidelberg Township, Berks Co. near the current town of Warnershille Pennsylvania. Early on, the church was called Cacusi or Cacoosi church because of its location in the watershed of Cacooing Creek. Some of the very early church documents identify the church by this name.

23. Donate Land For Church: St Johns (Hains) Reformed Church, Cir 1743, , Heidelberg Twp., Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. 6 The first recorded reference to the Hain's church is found in a report of John Philip Boehm to the Coetus of Amsterdam of January 14, 1739 where he states that the congrigation is meeting in a small log cabin. The first church building dates to 1735 when there was built a small log cabin in which to hold church services. A replica to the log cabin sits in the church yard of this church today. The Hain's church was named after George and Veronica Hain in memory of his donating the land on which the church still stands to this day. He donated this land sometime prior to 1743 when his was sign. It does not mention donating this land upon his death. The land was mentioned in appraisal of his estate in 1746, wherein was mentioned a certain tract of land on which the church stands. The land was valued at 10 ponds. His estate was paying the tax on the church land.









24. Will: Will of George Hain, 7 Nov 1743, Philidelphia, Chester Co., Pennsylvania. 6,45 George Hain Will
The will was signed George Hain on November 16, 1743, during the sixteenth year of the reign of King George I. George Hain died about two and a half year later in the spring of 1746 at about age sixty-six, as this will was probated April 8, 1746. He was born in Alpenrod, Germany, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany about 1680. The will was recorded at the court house in Philadelphia, where a copy is on file to this day.

Notice that George's last name was spelled three different ways in this will: Hen, Henn and Hain.

The signature of George Hen is partially obscured by tape which was used to repair the will. The signature is in different hand writing from the person who prepared the will. There doesn't appear to be his Mark next to his signature. As a result, George probably was able to sign his name.

The Will
In the name of the Holy Trinity, be it remembered that I, George Hen, of Lancaster County, yeoman, being of sound mind and memory and in good health, thanks be to God for these and all other of His mercies, and calling to mind the uncertainty of this transitory life, do make this my Last Will and Testament in name as follows, viz: Imprimus it is my will that all my just debts and funeral expenses be fully paid and satisfied. Secondly, it is my will that my beloved Wife, Veronica, shall be and remain in possession of my whole Estate as long as she remains my widow, But if she should intermarry, then she is to have her Thirds only, according to Law. And I do give and bequeath to my daughter Anna Sibilla One Shilling sterling money of Great Britain.

Item, I do give and bequeath unto my daughter Elizabeth one hundred and fifty acres of land situated on Back Creek adjoining her Husband and Willem Fisher's land.

Item, I do give, devise and bequeath unto my son John Christ my tract of land lying on the other side of the Run of about one hundred and fifty acres, with this proviso and upon this condition only, that he shall return and give back Thirty acres of Land which he contrived to have admeasured to him from Land that was laid out and surveyed unto me, and if not complying with this proviso and condition, he the said John Christ shall no ways have the Land so bequeathed unto him, but instead thereof shall have five shillings Sterling money of Great Britain, the said Tract of Land so intended for him shall revert to my Estate.

Item, I do give and bequeath unto my son Peter 1 Shilling Sterling money of Great Britain.

Then I do give and bequeath into my son John George one shilling Sterling money of Great Britain.

Item, I do give and bequeath unto my son John Adam that Tract of Land of two hundred acres which I bought of Marcus, moreover; I do give, devise and bequeath unto the said John Adam Fifty acres of Land situated and lying by or near the Church.

Item, I do give, devise and bequeath unto my son Frederick that Place or Tract of Land near Brunnen Kiln, consisting of One Hundred and Eighty-eight acres.

Item, I do give, devise and bequeath unto my son John Henry one hundred acres of Land which I bought to William Allen, and one hundred acres of Land at the upper end of the said Tract which I took up from the proprietors both lying and situate on Dry Creek near my dwelling house.

Item, I do give, devise and bequeath unto my son John Casper the Plantation where I live upon on Dry Creek containing Two Hundred Ares together with the buildings and Improvements thereon.

Item, I do give, devise and bequeath unto my Two last named sons John Henry and John Casper that Tract of Land adjoining William Allen's Land by the Hill, containing one hundred and twenty-six acres to be equally used or divided between them, and I D whereby nominate and appoint my said beloved wife, Veronica, and Thomas Edwards, Esqre, to be Executors of this my last Will and Testament by me made and do declare this and no other to be my last Will and Testament.

In witness whereof I the said George Henn, have hereunto set my hand and seal this seventh day of November in the in the seventeenth year of this Majesty's Reign Anno Domino 1743. Signed, sealed and published and declared by George Hen to be his last Will and Testament in the Presence of us as Witnesses thereunto required.

Witness: Joseph Crell
Wm. Burg
Alessa Crellins

Philadelphia, April 8, 1746

(Witten after the signatures at the bottom of the final page of the will)

I Thomas Edwards being nominated by George Hain to be with his wife Veronica Executors of his Will and Testament do hereby relinquish all power given to me by the above will. And do assign all the Power into the said Veronica wholly and …………


Thomas Edwards surely prepared George's will. He was a life-long lawyer and judge from Lancaster County. When the George Hain was signed in 1743, his land was located in Lancaster County. Thomas Edwards was a judge for over thirty years from the time the county was first organized in 1729. In that same year, he was appointed by the Governor to carve out Lancaster County from Chester County, which was one of the three original counties established by William Penn. Again, in that same year he was appointed a judge and was elected as its assemblyman from Lancaster County. Thirteen years later, in 1742, he became President Judge.

The will was witness by three persons: Joseph Crell, Alessa Crellin, and William Burg. Nothing is known about William Burg. Joseph Crell was a German shopkeeper, ship's agent, printer and for a short time, a German newspaper publisher in Philadelphia. While a ship's agent, he promoted German immigration to America. His duty was an arrange transportation and handle immigration affairs for the Germans on this side of the Atlantic. Alessa Crellin was surely his wife. The ending “in” identifies her as the wife of.

As for his German newspaper skills, in the June 2, 1743 issue of Benjamin Franklin's Pennsylvania Gazette, he placed an advertisement announcing a new weekly newspaper in the German language. The ad is seeking merchants who want to promote their wares to the German colonists living throughout the province. The ad is signed J. Crellius.

In the November 11, 1742 issue of the Pennsylvania Gazette, another ad reads, “Any person that wants to be taught the German or French languages, may apply to Joseph Crell, in the Market Street, Philadelphia, the fourth house from the Conestoga Waggon.

25. Probate: Memo of land, Cir Apr 1746, Heidelberg Township, Lancaster Co. (now Berks), Pennsylvania. 46 George Hain Estate Memo
In the George Hean (Hain) estate file was an undated memorandum that describes land purchased by George Hain and how the land was distributed under the terms of his will.

Unfortunately, the hand writing and grammar is very poor, making the document very difficult to read. Notice that George's last name is spelled Hean here.
Memorandum
Memorandum of the land old man George Hean held and possessed under the Proprietors title and William Allen.

Acres
Nov 25 1735 of William Allen 300
Nov 27 1735 of Proprietors 222
Nov 1735 of Proprietors 400
Nov 19 1741 of Proprietors 198
Sept 2 1742 of Proprietors 227
Nov 1741 of Proprietors 292
Peter Heans is possessed of which his father paid for 100
Total 1739

The old man paid some ….the date of his youngest title
records and other land as is supposed, and receipts appears.

?
Nov 5 1743 5
Dec 23 1743 5
June 22 1743 15
May 17 1744 26.8.6
March 30 1743 16.-.6
Total 67.8.6

In his Will he bequeathed to his children as follows

Acres
to Elisabeth 150
to J. Christ 150
to Adam 250
to Frederick 188
to Henry 263
to Casper 263
1264
Remains undisposed by his will 475
In money paid toward land 67.8.6


The children George did not provide for in his last will are Sibilla Freymor, George Hean and Peter Hean.

26. Estate appraisal: George's estate appraisal, Cir Apr 1746, , Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. 41 George Hains Estate Appraisal
After George Hain died about May 1746, a probated appraisal of his personal property was prepared. These assets do not include any real estate holdings or personal property that was bequeathed to Veronica and their children under his direction in his will.

The appraisal is written in English, using a feather quill. The scribe had very bad handwriting, and tape was used to repair the appraisal which covered many works. These problems made the document almost illegible.

The appraisal includes each personal property item and its value appraised in pound, shillings and pence. Included here are only those readable items. The total appraised value is partially obscured, but 78 pounds is legible.

These items include here include only those personal property items that are legible. Notice the spelling of Hain (Hoin).

Appraisal
A ,,,,,,,, and …………… inventory of all my goods chattels and credits of George Hoin of Heidelberg in the county of Lancaster in the province of Pennsylvania …… and bondsmen made and appraised by whose names are herein: to …..the county seventh day of ……. 1746.

The appraised items include: cash, mourning clothes, horned cattle, box of husbandry, corn in the straw, corn in the field, oats, house hold stuff, milk cow, mares and colt in the woods, poultry, belts and collars, sickles.


The document was signed by three appraisers: Thomas Edwards, who is the attorney and Judge who prepared the will; John Chastain Hains, who is George Hains' son. He signed with his mark; and by Michael Shaws who signed with his mark.
Jeri C. Haynes 9/6/09


27. Deed, 8 Apr 1746, , Heidelberg Twp., Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. 47 On April 8, 1746, John Frederick was bequeathed 188 acres of farm land
near the Brunnen Kiln in Heidelsburg township from his father's
estate.

28. Land patent: Purchases by their children, 1741-1750, , Heidelberg Twp., Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. 36,48,49 Children of George and Veronica Purchase land
During the1740's five sons of George and Veronica Hains purchased farmland adjoining properties purchased by their father. These were all land patents issued by the Commonwealth. George Hain died in 1746 owning 1739 acres, which were bequeathed to five of his seven boys and Elizabeth. These purchases by his children are in addition to those lands they inherited from their patents. These Hain family land holding surely made them one on the largest property owners in the Tulpehocken Valley. The following acreage was purchased during these ten years:

Acres Peter 43 Henry 62 Casper 113 Frederick 75 George, Jr. 111 Total 404

29. Letters: To folks back home in Germany, 1750's, , Heidelberg Twp., Berks Co., Pennsylvania. 50 This is a letter written in the mid 1750's by Frederick Schoener to his brother-in-law, George Hartman, who lived in Reutlingen, Germany. Frederick lived in Heidelburg, Township. He must have been neighbors to the Hain Farmily. This is a great letter that shows how these German immigrants felt about thier new home in America.

"Dear brother-in-law. This is to inform you that we are all well and well pleased with Armerica. We live in a good land, where everything is plenty and we have schools and churches. You can get as much as you want by clearing it. Oh! I have often wished you were here with your family; you could do well and live just like a Lord. Sell your little piece of land and if you only get enough to bring you to Philadelphia, I will bring you from there up to our place which is about eighty mile. Hee you can raise wheat, rye, barley and potatoes. We have apples, peaches, plums, and other fruit. We raise hogs, cattle, sheep, and chichens and have plenty of meat the year round. We live under the King of England but we are not burdened with taxes as you are. Our land is very fertile and easily cultivated."

" I hope you will come to this promised land. Philadelphia is the principle town in the Province of Pennsylvania and Reading is the principle town in our Berks County. We live about four German miles from Reading. If you write, direct your letter to me at Heidelburg Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania, North Amreica. Yours in brotherly love, Frederick Schoener."

This article goes on to say that this letter was copied from a newspaper clipping located in the files of Lebanon Counrty Historical Society. The clipping then says that the brother-in-law did later come to Pennsylvania, but was later killed by Indians.


George married Anna Veronica Schneider [2] [MRIN: 1], daughter of Johann Wilhelm Schneider [814] and Juliana Catharina Dick [850], about 1710 in Livingston Manor, New York.1 (Anna Veronica Schneider [2] was born in Sep 1683 in Raubach, Westerwald, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany 51, christened on 18 Sep 1683 in Raubach, Westerwald, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, died in 1756 in , Heidelberg Twp., Berks Co., Pennsylvania 6 and was buried in 1756 in , Heidelberg Twp., Berks Co., Pennsylvania 6.)


bullet  Marriage Notes:

A question is when George and Veronica were married. One date would be nine months prior to the birth of Elizabeth Gertrude, her first child. Elizabeth Gertrude was born in April 1711. The Palatines arrived in New York during the summer of 1710. By April 1711 they were living in the West Camp on the Hudson River near Livingston Manor.

More proof of Veronica with George Hain is on the March 25, 1711 Hunter subsistence list, which shows one child under age ten. Six months earlier the September 29, 1711 Hunter subsistence list shows no child under age ten. This is probably the birth of Elizabeth Gertrude, born sometime during the prior six months.

George next married Eva Catharina Schneider [805] [MRIN: 172], daughter of Matthias Schneider [828] and Anna Margarete [829], on 21 May 1699 in Alpenrod, Westerwald, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany 2,3,4.,5 (Eva Catharina Schneider [805] was born circa 1674 in Alpenrod, Westerwald, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany 5, christened on 25 Feb 1674 in Alpenrod, Westerwald, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany and died about 1709.)


bullet  Marriage Notes:

Surety:0



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